QSL: WMUZ Taylor MI 1200

1200 kHz is usually occupied by either WXKS in Boston and/or CFGO in Ottawa, but some other stations can also be picked up from time to time. WMUZ, licenced to Taylor, Michigan, is a station which we have heard a number of times on 1200 kHz during the last couple of years.

Chief Engineer Michael Kernen confirmed my reception with an e-mail last week for a recording made in October 2020.

WMUZ broadcasts religious programming to Detroit under the name “The Salt of Detroit”. The station broadcasts with a night time power of 15 kilowatts (day time 50 kilowatts).

QSL: WLAD Danbury CT 800

Catching the 286 watt night time signal of WLAD was one of the highlights of our DX-pedition in February 2021. 800 kHz is almost always occupied by VOWR in Newfoundland or Trans World Radio in Bonaire so we were quite surprised hearing a clear identification for WLAD one morning when examining our recordings.

Irv Goldstein, President and CEO, confirmed my recording with a nice e-mail. He adds that VOWR is never a problem for them, if there is interference it is coming from the Canadian stations CJAD or CKLW.

WLAD is a news and talk station, locally owned and operated. The station is located in Danbury in Eastern Connecticut.

QSL: WFXJ Jacksonville FL 930

WFXJ has popped up on 930 kHz on a few occasions at Lista, last time in February 2021 when the station was heard briefly with gospel music and a clear “Hallelujah 9-30” identification. The gospel format was very short lived: Hallelujah 930 only lasted for 6 months, from January to July 2021. In July 2021 WFXJ switched to a Spanish talk format branded “Acción 930“.

WFXJ broadcasts from Jacksonville, Florida, with a power of 5 kilowatts day and night. WFXJ directs most of its power towards the east at night and this probably explains why the station is a relatively rare guest in Europe. Regional Engineer Andy McDonald confirmed my reception of he station and also promised an electronic QSL-card, when time permits.

QSL: WCFR Springfield VT 1480

During our 2 latest trips to Lista, WCFR has appeared both times in the evening on 1480 kHz, mixing with the signal of dominant talk station WSAR. As WCFR is a music station playing mainly hits from the 1980 and 1990s so it is usually easy to separate the two stations.

WCFR is located in Springfield, Vermont and broadcasts with a daytime power of 5 kilowatts. On both occasions, we caught the station just before switching to their night power of a mere 23 watts. John Landry confirmed my audio clip from last February and adds that WCFR is now branded as “Your Hometown Classic Hits – WCFR” and not “Rewind 106.5” anymore.

QSL: WPNH Plymouth NH 1300

Listening to recordings from DX-peditions can be quite tedious. Usually nothing exciting turns up in your headphones. But sometimes gold can be found and completely unexpected stations can be heard. One such moment happened last month when a station playing oldies music was heard on 1300 kHz on a recording made one evening in February 2021. This station was only heard for a few minutes and the identification was not very clear either.

Still, we were quite sure that this was WPNH from Plymouth, New Hampshire. Our suspicions were confirmed by Fred Caruso, the stations Assistant General Manager and Operations Director at the s: This was indeed WPNH! WPNH is a rarity and has not been noted by us previously. We probably heard the station when it was still operating with its daytime effect of 5 kilowatts. Catching the station on their night time power of just 82 watts would have been much harder.

QSL: WBNW Concord MA 1120

WBNW is a fairly common catch at Lista making it into our logs on nearly every DX-pedition there. Only KMOX in St. Louis is heard more regularly on 1120 kHz. I haven’t got any replies from WBNW untill now though, when Jason Wolfe, Chief Media and Marketing Strategist, confirmed my recording with a short e-mail for a recording made last February.

WBNW carries business news from the Money Matters Radio Network to the Boston area. It is listed with a day time power og 5 kilowatts and a night time power of 1 kilowatt from Concord west of Boston.

QSL: WAAV Leland NC 980

980 kHz is an interesting frequency with many possibilities in our hunting for North American radio stations. One of those possibilities is WAAV “The Wave” licensed to Leland, North Carolina. Although by no means a regular, we have caught WAAV on a few occasions.

“The Wave” is a conservative talk station broadcasting with a power of 5 kilowatts. Barry Fox, Program Director & Opearations Manager confirmed my recording of the station with a short e-mail. This for a recording made in October 2020.

QSL: RNE R5 Tarragona 1314

The Todo Notocias network of Radio Nacional de España has three transmitters on 1314 kHz. The strongest transmitter is located in Reus near Tarragona in Cataluña and has a power of 25 kilowatts. This transmitter is easily recognized as it has a strange “growling” audio indicating that the transmitter might have seen its better days.

José Antonio García Merino, ND Ingenieria Area emisión, redes y comunicaciones, at RNE in Madrid nevertheless confirmed my audio recording with a fully detailed electronic QSL card pictured above. This was for a recording made of their local news bulletin at 06.25 UTC one morning last February.

QSL: RNE R5 Bilbao 1305

Although the UK stations Greatest Hits Radio and Premier Radio usually occupies the frequency of 1305 kHz, it is not uncommon to hear Spanish either. RNE R5 has several transmitters also on this frequency. The most common of these, RNE R5 Bilbao was easily heard on our southern antenna in February with a local news bulletin. José Antonio Garcia Moreno also confirmed this audio recording with an electronic QSL card. The power of the transmitter in Bilbao is 10 kilowatts.

QSL: RNE R5 Santander 1107

Moray Firth Radio in Scotland usually “owns” the frequency of 1107 kHz at Lista, at least when our usual antenna is used. In February we also had an antenna pointing southwards, making reception of Spain possible on nearly every possible mediumwave frequency. On this southern antenna RNE R5 completely wiped out Moray Firth Radio.

RNE R5 has several transmitters on 1107 kHz too. As always the transmitters in Northern Spain have the most powerful signals. The most common one on 1107 kHz is RNE R5 Santander which had a very good signal on several occasions in February. This transmitter has a power of 20 kilowatts and is co-located with the mediumwave transmitter of RNE on 855 kHz (another blowtorch Spanish transmitter). José Antonio Garcia Moreno again confirmed my audio clip with an electronic QSL card.

QSL: RNE R5 Ávila 1098

RNE R5  is a regular on 1098 kHz too, along with Slovakia. RNE has 4 different transmitters on the frequency so several possibilities here. In February we heard the transmitter in Ávila north west of Madrid with local news one morning. José Antonio Garcia Moreno again confirmed my audio clip with another electronic QSL card.

The transmitter in Ávila transmits with a power of 10 kilowatts and is not the most powerful transmitter on the frequency.

QSL: RNE R5 Burgos 1017

Another frequency vacated by almost all stations is 1017 kHz. Spain now dominates this frequency completely. RNE R5 has 2 transmitters on 1017 kHz, located in Burgos and Granada respectively each with a transmitter output of 10 kilowatts. Of these, the transmitter in Burgos is by far the most common at our listening post.

José Antonio Garcia Moreno confirmed my reception of the morning news for Burgos with an electronic QSL card.

QSL: RNE R5 Zaragoza 936

936 kHz is a frequency usually covered by Italy, Iran or UK stations at our QTH, but an antenna in the right direction certainly helped hearing Spain on the frequency too! We heard both Spanish transmitters on the frequency, from Zaragoza and Valladolid respectively, last February.

Local news for Zaragoza from the Todo Notocias network was heard one morning on the frequency. The transmitter in Zaragoza uses a power of 25 kilowatts. The friendly José Antonio Garcia Moreno listened to my recording and also confirmed this station with an electronic QSL card.

QSL: RNE R5 Palencia 603

Another RNE Radio 5 station heard last February was the transmitter in Palencia on 603 kHz. Admittedly not the best signal quality, as this transmitter only has an output power of 5 kilowatts. Still, the signal came through quite well one morning with a local identification and local news.

José Antonio García Merino also confirmed this reception with a full detailed electronic QSL card.

QSL: RNE R5 Murcia 567

567 kHz is a frequency vacated by many stations. Currently, Romania and RNE are the only Europeans broadcasting on 567 kHz. RNE has only got one transmitter on the frequency carrying the Todo Notocias network. This transmitter is located in Murcia and was heard at Lista last February with local news for the region. The transmitter is listed with a power of 50 kilowatts.

José Antonio García Merino, ND Ingenieria Area emisión, redes y comunicaciones, confirmed my reception with a full detailed electronic QSL card.

QSL: RNE R5 Asturias 531

Transmitters located in Northern Spain are often heard with strong signals at Lista, especially if we have an antenna in that direction or during auroral conditions. The transmitter of the Todo Notocias network of Radio Nacional de España in Oviedo was one of the stations heard at Lista last February, easily beating the signal of the dominant station from the Faroe Islands on several occastions.

José Antonio García Merino, ND Ingenieria Area emisión, redes y comunicaciones, at RNE kindly confirmed my reception with a full detailed electronic QSL card and a long e-mail.

QSL: RNE Cataluña 738

The mediumwave transmitter of Radio Nacional de España in Barcelona is an easy catch here. With a power of 300 kilowatts, the station is by far the most common station on 738 kHz here. The transmitter is located in Palau Solità i Plegamans north of Barcelona.

I didn’t have any luck with getting a reply from the station many years ago, but this time Antonio Catalán Serra, Resp. Técnico at RNE Cataluña, replied with a nice electronic QSL card (pictured above) for a report on the regional news carried on this channel. All regional news are of course in Catalán and not in Spanish.

QSL: CKAD Middleton NS 1350

There are not many AM stations left in Nova Scotia in Canada. Most of the AM transmitters there have been switched off in favour of FM. One of the few stations remaining is CKAD using a daytime power of 1 kilowatt and a night time power of a mere 400 watts. The station was heard on 1350 kHz last February, after an absence of several years. CKAD was quite common some 10 years ago, but has become much less common lately.

I had no luck obtaining a reply 10 years back, but this time Andrew Johnson, General Manager, promply confirmed my reception with an e-mail. He also mentioned that their sister station CKDY on 1420 kHz has now left the AM band and is now only found FM. CKDY used to be an easy catch at Lista. Both CKAD as well as CKDY belongs to the AVR Network and have a country format. I wouldn’t be surprised if CKAD also moved to FM quite soon.

QSL: Radio Cóndor 1540

Radio Cóndor made a brief and surprising appearance identyfing simply as “Radio Cóndor – 15-40 AM” one morning at Lista last winter. Receiving a reply from the stations was even more surprising as replies from Colombian stations are scarce. Radio Condór, however, replied with a full data QSL letter signed by their Gerente Claudia Maria Agudelo Vélez.

This station broadcasts with a power of just 1 kilowatt and is certainly not a common guest here. Radio Cóndor is primarily a cultural and educational station affiliated to one of several universities in the city of Manizales, the Universidad Autónoma de Manizales. Manizales itself is a city with about 500,000 inhabitants located in the coffee region of Colombia, a region known as “el eje cafetero“.

QSL: RNE Castilla la Mancha 864

864 kHz is a pretty empty frequency with Radio Nacional’s transmitter in Socuéllamos being the only transmitter left in Europe on this frequency. As there is little competition, Radio Nacional is easily heard on this frequency despite a relatively modest transmitting power (5 kilowatts).

Regional news for Castilla la Mancha is carried on this frequency. José Antonio García Merino also confirmed my audio clip of this transmitter, heard last February.

QSL: RNE Castilla y León 801

Radio Nacional de España’s regional programmes can be heard on many mediumwave frequencies. Many of these are much easier to hear now than they used to be, thanks to most other European countries abandoing mediumwave. Spain, including Radio Nacional, still maintains a large presence on mediumwave, at least for the time being.

Last February we noted the regional programme for Castilla y León on both 774, 801 and 855 kHz with 801 kHz providing best reception. José Antonio García Merino at Radio Nacional in Madrid confirmed my reception with a full detailed QSL card. Radio Nacional has 2 two transmitters located in Castilla y León on 801 kHz, located in Burgos and Zamora respectively. Both are listed with a power of 10 kilowatts.

QSL: ZYH521 Super Rádio Boa Vontade 1350

Last week I received a surprising reply from the head office of Legião da Boa Vontade confirming my reception of Super Rádio Boa Vontade in Salvador on 1350 kHz. In their reply they use former name Rádio Cristal of the station so may be the station is still better known under the name Cristal?

Whatever the name of the station may be, it is one of the most common Brazilian stations here, no doubt helped by a coastal location and a transmitting power of 50 kilowatts. This station is easily recognized as it consistantly broadcasts on a low offset frequency, noted at 1349,894 kHz last time at Lista.

Super Rádio Boa Vontade (or Rádio Cristal) broadcasts religious networking programming only originating from their headquarter in São Paulo.

QSL: HJAY Radio Vida Nueva 1490

We heard many Colombian station during our latest DX-pedition at Lista, especially during the first days of our stay. One of the stations heard was Radio Vida Nueva in Barranquilla on 1490 kHz. Although noted on previous visits at Lista too, this station is not a very common guest here.

I received a friendly e-mail confirming my reception of the station after a couple of weeks. Radio Vida Nueva is, as the logo above shows, a station broadcasting Christian programming. The station is listed with a power of 5 kilowatts.

QSL: RNE R5 Madrid 657

The Radio 5 Todo Notocias network of Radio Nacional de España maintains an extensive presence on mediumwave. The stations are a nice DX target as all stations carries local and regional programmes at certain times. We have heard many of these stations over the years. Some of them are easily heard, others are a real challenge.

One of the easiest stations is their 100 kilowatt transmitter in Majadahonda outside Madrid on 657 kHz which carries local news for the city of Madrid at certain times. This transmitter site is also used for broadcasting RNE Radio 1 on 585 kHz as well as COPE on 999 kHz.

José Antonio García Merino, ND Ingenieria Area emisión, redes y comunicaciones, at RNE kindly confirmed my reception made last February with a full detailed electronic QSL card and a long e-mail.

QSL: Radio Monique 918

Radio Monique has been a common guest on 918 kHz after they started broadcasting on mediumwave in November 2020. It is by far the most commonly heard Dutch station on this frequency now. Broadcasting from Velsen-Noord north of the city of Haarlem, Radio Monique was heard with a good signal many times at Lista in February.

The station confirmed my reception with an e-mail and the above electronic QSL-card. Radio Monique station traces it roots to the 1980s when Radio Monique had programmes on Radio Caroline’s ship “Ross Revenge” in international waters. Since then Radio Monique has appeared on shortwave occasionally as an unofficial (or pirate) station. The station still broadcasts on shortwave, apparently still without a licence.

QSL: Radio Târgu Mureș 1197

Romania is one of very few European countries still having a large presence on mediumwave. In addition to the national channels Radio România Actualităţia and Antena Satelor, which can be heard on many mediumwave frequencies, some of the regional stations can also be heard.

One of these regional stations, Radio Târgu Mureș, can be heard quite easily on all of their 3 frequencies 1197, 1323 and 1593 kHz. The easiest frequency is probably 1323 kHz, a frequency with few other stations. In addition to Romanian, Radio Târgu Mureș also broadcasts in the minority languages Hungarian and German. Their German programme – Radio Neumarkt – is aired every weekday in at 19.00 UTC and is fascinating to listen to. Neumarkt is the German name for Târgu Mureș. According to Wikipedia, there are about 36.000 Romanians who consider themselves as Germans. The most prominent of those is without doubt Klaus Iohannis, the incumbent Romanian president.

My previous attempts of getting a reply from Radio Târgu Mureș have been unsuccessfull, but this time Virgil Natea, Producer at the station sent a nice reply and also an electronic QSL card. This was for a recording made in January 2020 on 1197 kHz. This transmitter is located in Brașov (or Kronstadt in German) while the transmitter on 1323 kHz is in Târgu Mureș and the transmitter on 1593 kHz is in Miercurea Ciuc (Szeklerburg in German). All 3 transmitters have a listed power of 15 kilowatts. Miercurea Ciuc, by the way, is populated mainly by ethnic Hungarians who make up 81% of the population in the city.

QSL: RDP Antena 1 720

Portugal is still broadcasting on mediumwave, albeit not on many frequencies. Their state broadcaster RDP can sometimes be heard on mediumwave 630, 666 and 720 kHz with their Antena 1 programming.

Paula Carvalho, Engenharia, Sistemas e Tecnologia confirmed my reception of Antena 1 with an e-mail and an old QSL card (shown above). My report was made last February on 720 kHz when the signal of Antena 1 at times was better than the signal of the usual dominant station BBC Radio 4. Antena 1 is listed with 4 different transmitters on 720 kHz, each with a power of 10 kilowatts, but I suspect most are running at lower power.

QSL: Radio Seerah 1575

Radio Seerah in Leicester started broadcasting on mediumwave 1575 kHz in February 2019. Their signal is usually rather weak at our listening post, but thanks to using a frequency which is not by many others the signal reaches Lista at times too. The station is using a power of just 30 watts, so no wonder the signal is weak.

Radio Seerah is a community radio station broadcasting to the Islamic community in and around Leicester. Their signal is pretty distinct too with many Islamic programmes, including a lot of recitations from The Quran. I received a short e-mail confirming my reception of the station from January 2020.

QSL: Radio Diffusione Europea

Italian mediumwave radio stations come and often disappear again after a few years on the air. One of the stations which popped up some years ago is Radio Diffusione Europea in Trieste on the border to Slovenia. This station has been operating on both 819 and 1584 kHz for a couple of years with the latter frequency clearly giving best reception here. Despite several British stations also broadcasting on 1584 kHz, the signal of Radio Diffusione Europea often comes through fairly well. The station is listed with a power of 1 kilowatt.

Wellknown Italian DX-er Roberto Scaglione confirmed my reception made in January 2020 with the electronic QSL card pictured above.

QSL: Radio Artemisa 1020

Cuban provincial station Radio Artemisa can occasionally be heard on 1020 kHz at my listening post. Radio Artemisa also uses 1000 and 1320 kHz in addition to 1020 kHz, but I have only been able to catch their signal on 1020 kHz. This transmitter is located in Bahía Honda using a power of 5 kilowatts. The province of Artemisa is located just East of the capital Havana.

Radio Artemisa has been heard a number of times on 1020 kHz here, last time in October last year. My attempts contacting the station by e-mail were unsuccessfull. A letter by postal mail, however, resulted in a nice e-mail from the station signed by its director, Lic. Isnail Albiza Borrego.

QSL: Columbia AM 1395

Very pleased about catching the Dutch low power station Columbia AM on 1395 kHz back in February. 1395 kHz is a difficult frequency as the frequency is nearly always blocked by another Dutch station, SeaBreeze AM.

The station confirmed my reception with the nice electronic QSL-card seen above. Columbia AM broadcasts from the small village of Aalst in the province of Gelderland. According to Wikipedia, Aalst has a population of 1950 inhabitants so indeed quite small. The power of the station was just 50 watts at the time when I received Columbia AM.

QSL: COPE Mallorca 1224

A beverage antenna directed towards Spain (and South America) gave good results at our DX-pedition to Lista in February. No less than 76 different Spanish stations made it to our logs – a record number by far and a number which is going to be hard to beat as Spanish stations have also started closing their mediumwave transmitters.

One of the many stations heard was COPE Mallorca on 1224 kHz, a frequency shared with several other COPE outlets. My e-mail to the station resulted in a reply from Cristina de Ahumada at the station. A not so perfect verification admittedly, but I still count this as a QSL. The station broadcasts with a power of 5 kilowatts from a transmitter located close to the Mallorcan capital Palma.

QSL: WTAW College Station TX 1620

This cool QSL card, signed by Chief Operator Ben Downs arrived in my inbox last week, 7 months after I sent a reception report to WTAW in College Station, Texas. My recording was made in January 2019, when stations in the X band came through with good signal levels.

WTAW is not a frequent guest on 1620 kHz, but their signal can occasionally pop up if the signal of co-channel Radio Rebelde is weaker than normal. WTAW is a news talk station transmitting with a night power of 1 kilowatt.

QSL: Radio Onda 5940

I have recorded the 49 metre band on some of our last DX-peditions, hoping to catch some of the new hobby stations which have popped up in Europe over the past decade.

One of these stations is Radio Onda in Belgium which was noted on 5940 kHz both in January and in October 2020. My reception from October 2020 was answered with a nice e-mail and later also a real paper QSL-card (see above), signed by Julio Roth.

Radio Onda started broadcasting on shortwave in January 2020 using a 500 watt transmitter located not in Belgium, but rather in Borculo in neighbouring The Netherlands. Julio says it was impossible to receive a licence to operate on shortwave in Belgium so instead he opted for The Netherlands, eventually becoming the first private legal shortwave station in the country. As everybody know, The Netherlands is a paradise for illegal pirate shortwave stations though so certainly not the first shortwave station in the country! 🙂

Julio says he hopes to get a DAB+ licence to operate in their home city Brussels too. For now, Radio Onda only operates on shortwave and by streaming. The shortwave frequency has now changed from 5940 to 6140 kHz. Radio Onda is run by the nonprofit association ASBL Onda, catering to the Brazilian population in Brussels. In addition to Brazilian music, the station also plays other pop music.

QSL: KFBK Sacramento CA 1530

Signals from the most populous US state, California, only reach Lista on very rare occasions. On all our DXpeditions, we have only heard less than a handful of Californians.

One of the most regular ones, i.e. one of the stations which have been heard on more than one occasion, is KFBK in Sacramento. This 50 kilowatt news station can on certain occasions be heard on 1530 kHz, overriding the British stations and WCKY in Cincinnati.

My recording made in October 2020 was confirmed with an e-mail by Mike Murray. At the time of my reception, KFBK only mentioned their 93.1 FM frequency, no mention of 1530 AM at all!

QSL: WLIS Old Saybrook CT 1420

I have seen many reports on WLIS being heard on 1420 kHz lately. WLIS came up very well one morning at our latest trip to Lista, a station we have never had any trace of at all during all our previous trips. WLIS is a small local station located in Old Saybrook, Connecticut, broadcasting with a night time power of 500 watts. The station simulcasts on 1150 kHz with the call sign WMRD.

Don DeCesare, President and General Manager, confirmed my recording of WLIS with a nice e-mail. When asked if they had done anything with their antenna or transmitter which could explain the improved reception of the station, he said that they hadn’t done anything beyond regular maintenance.

QSL: KYW Philadelphia PA 1060

For a clear channel station broadcasting with a power of 50 kilowatts, KYW in Philadelphia is surprisingly difficult to hear. I guess the reason is that the station restricts their signals going into our direction, as can be seen on their coverage map. This protection obviously works quite well because it is far more common to hear WQOM in Boston and Radio Educación in Mexico City on 1060 kHz here.

Still, “Newsradio KYW” can be heard here too from time to time, last time in October 2020. Alex Silverman, Brand Manager, confirmed my reception with an e-mail.

KYW is one of the oldest radio stations in the world, tracing their origins back to 1921. KYW thus celebrates 100 years of broadcasting this year! KYW started up in Chicago, but moved to Philadelphia (keeping their call letters) in 1934. KYW is one of the few stations east of the Mississippi with a K call, and one of the few stations east of the Mississippi with just a three letter K call.

QSL: CJLI Calgary AB 700

CJLI “The Light” was heard one night in October 2020 on 700 kHz, a frequency were we usually hear just WLW in Cincinnati at Lista.  One night the signal of CJLI in Calgary was sufficiently strong on the northern antenna to beat the signal of WLW at times. CJLI broadcasts a Christian radio format with a night time power of 20 kilowatts.

Les Moore, Assistant Program Director and also a morning host, confirmed my not so perfect audio recording with an e-mail.

DX-pedition to Lista, February 6-14, 2021

Bird’s eye view from the Lista Lighthouse

A combination of the sunspot minimum and a Covid 19 lockdown took me to Lista for the second time this season. My DX companions Torgeir Nyen and Geir Fredheim, both living under strict corona restrictions in Oslo, arrived already on Saturday February 6. I wasn’t able to escape from work and family commitments untill Wednesday February 10, meaning I could only enjoy 4 nights of DX-ing before taking down out antennas on Sunday February 1

Unlike last October, when heavy rain, grazing cows and noise from wires in the lawn made DXing difficult, our main challenges this time were cold weather and grass fires. Lista enjoys a mild climate, but this time the temperature dropped down to under -10 degrees several nights. This made antenna work particularly laboriously, especially raising the bamboo sticks used for elevating our antenna wires.

Bamboo sticks in frozen ground

The antennas used this time were exactly the same as in October with a 700 metre long beverage antenna at 285 degrees directed towards the US East Coast and a 650 metre long beverage antenna at 320 degrees directed at the prairies and the West Coast of North America. In addition, we also had a shorter 300 metre long antenna aiming primarily at Spain and the UK.

We were prepared for the cold weather, but not for the grass fires. Setting fire to old grass is apparently an annual event at Lista and this time the fires came uncomfortably close to our antennas. Not only did the fires come uncomfortably close, one of them burned our grounding rod on the northern antenna. No damages to our antenna wires luckily, just a scorched grounding rod!

Unfriendly locals II: Burned grounding rod

As usual, we are preparing a DX log as a Google Docs spreadsheet. This log might very well be our most comprehensive log of all time, both thanks to an unusual long DX-pedition (one week) and an unusual spread of loggings from Argentina to the US West Coast. Many stations from Spain and the UK were also noted, so the European part of the log is also unusually large.

We had disturbed conditions during the first days of the DX-pedition. Disturbed conditions doesn’t necessarily mean poor conditions though. These days brought several unusual stations from Peru, Argentina etc., a part of South America where we seldom receive any stations at all as well as a large number of Colombians. Stations heard include 1380 Radio Andina and 1570 Radio Carráviz in Peru, 1290 Radio Murialdo and 1420 Somos Radio in Argentina and 1080 Radio Monumental in Paraguay.

The disturbance eventually disappeared, meaning that North American stations gradually took over the dials. I had hoped for an opening towards the West Coast of North America or the Prairies, but conditions definitely favoured the East Coast all the way from Newfoundland to Florida. Stations from around the Great Lakes and the Midwest were much poorer than they usually are. Very different from the conditions experienced 2 years ago, to mention one other DX-pedition. When examining our recordings, we found several highly unusual East Coast stations, including 800 WLAD Danbury CT, 980 WDDO Perry GA, 1040 WHBO Pinellas Park FL, 1040 WCHR Flemington NJ, 1480 WABF Mobile AL, 1570 WTWB Auburndale FL, 1570 WNCA Siler City NC and 1580 WHPY Clayton NC. A nice bouquet of stations indeed!

We also had a nice chat with Andy Glanning, Chief Engineer at Salem New York, who did an interview with me about DX-ing and my reception of WMCA last year for a feature he wanted to do celebrating World Radio Day on one of his other radio stations, WRHU. WRHU is a student radio station at Hofstra University in New York, but only broadcasting on FM. Andy also gave us a live tour of the station during the interview – looked a very professional radio station indeed.

Despite the many nice loggings, we left with a feeling that conditions could have been even better now at the end of the solar minimum. No Alaskans noted, not even 680 KBRW, for example. Will the solar minimum continue long enough to give interesting stations even next season? Only time will tell…

QSL: WHCU Ithaca NY 870

WHCU is a station which we have picked up on a number of occasions. It’s the second most common station on 870 kHz, but can of course seldom beat the 50 kilowatt transmitter of WWL in New Orleans. The night time power of WHCU is just 1 kilowatt, which is enough to compete and even beat the signal of WWL on certain occasions.

Getting a reply from WHCU has been difficult. This time, however, I received a nice fulldata QSL in PDF format from their Chief Engineer Benjamin VanPatten at Cayuga Group which owns the station. This was for a recording made last October.

WHCU broadcasts from Ithaca, New York, a city which is most known for being the home of world class Cornell University.WHCU was owned and operated by Cornell University (the call letters CU in WHCU stands for Cornell University) untill the university sold the station in 1985.

QSL: WICC Bridgeport CT 600

WICC in Bridgeport, Connecticut, was heard briefly one night in October on 600 kHz. 600 kHz has become an interesting frequency after CBNA in Newfoundland shut down their transmitter on this frequency some years ago. Usually this frequency is occupied by Radio Rebelde in Cuba, but occastionally other stations can also come through.

WICC was a “first” for us in October. This is a news talk station broadcasting with a power of just 500 watts. Alln Lamberti, Program Director at the station, kindly confirmed my reception of WICC.

QSL: WCSL Cherryville NC 1590

A surprising find when going through some of the recordings made last October was finding the signal of WCSL from Cherryville, North Carolina, on 1590 kHz. The station came up briefly one morning with a pretty clear announcement as “Carolina Country 92.3 FM 1590 AM” after playing a country song.

WCSL is a pretty rare catch. I doubt I caught them with their listed night time effect of just 30 watts though. More likely they were on their day time power using 10 kilowatts. Calvin Hastings, President of parent company KTC Broadcasting, took just 7 minutes replying to my e-mail.

QSL: Radio HCJB 5920

HCJB is an old acquaintance of mine, a station I heard and QSLed way back when I started DXing in the 1980s. At that time, HCJB broadcast exclusively from Ecuador on shortwave. The times have changed a lot since that time of course. The large shortwave site in Ecuador has been closed, but HCJB still broadcasts on shortwave from Australia

The German branch of HCJB also broadcasts on shortwave, using low power transmitters located at Weenermoor close to the border with the Netherlands. Although transmitting with a low power of 1,5 and 3 kilowatts, the shortwave signals of HCJB from Germany are easily heard here in Norway on both 3995, 5920 and 7365 kHz. All broadcasts are in German and meant for a German audience. One might question the need for broadcasting on shortwave to Germany so I wouldn’t be surprised if the shortwave transmissions ended. HCJB also uses more modern platforms and can be heard on satellite, on an app and streaming on the Internet.

Getting a reply from the German branch of HCJB has been surprisingly difficult. HCJB has a rumour of being a very DX friendly station, but I needed 3 attempts before succeeding in getting a reply. This time, however, I received a nice packet in the mail consisting of a QSL card, a letter signed by Mark-Torsten Wardein, a CD, a mini calendar and some information about the station. This was for a report made at Lista in October 2020.

QSL: WASR Wolfeboro NH 1420

WASR was heard one evening in January 2019 on the interesting frequency of 1420 kHz. This is the only time which we have been able to catch this station, so it is not a common catch. We caught the station at 22.31 in the evening, when we suppose WASR was still using their day power of 5 kilowatts. Station Manager Eric Scott, however, says they were down to their night time power of just 37 watts at this time. Whatever the power was, we were pleased about this logging.

WASR broadcasts from Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, and airs a adult hits format with some local talk programming too.

QSL: Radio Calypso 675

Radio Calypso is an easy catch and one of the strongest of the many new Dutch low power stations at our location. Their signal can be heard easily on 675 kHz, where it is the most common station. The station plays Dutch music, or “nostalgische piratenhits” as they describe the music played themselves. Radio Calypso has a background as a pirate station, but is now a legal station (like several other of these Dutch low power stations).

Station operator Jan confirmed my reception made last winter with an e-mail and a Word attachment. Radio Calypso has a listed output of 100 watts transmitting from the village of Oostwold near Groningen in the northern part of the country.

QSL: 920 KXLY Spokane WA

One very unexpected catch when reviewing our recordings from our latest trip to Lista, was finding the signal of KXLY in Spokane, Washington, one morning on 920 kHz. We have never had any traces of KXLY before, which has a listed night time effect of “only” 5 kilowatts. I don’t recall ever having received a station from the Pacific Northwest using such low power.

Kris Siebers, Program Director, sent a nice e-mail confirming my reception of the station.

QSL: WURN Miami FL 1040

First QSL in 2021: Manuel Carvajales, Senior Media Specialist at Actualidad Radio, confirmed my reception of WURN on 1040 kHz made at Lista in January 2019.

WURN is a pretty regular guest on 1040 kHz, easily recognizable with their Spanish news programming and identifications as “Actualidad Radio”. WURN transmits with a night time power of 5 kilowatts from a transmitter outside Miami.

In addition to confirming my reception, Manuel also mentions that WURN is the number one AM station in South Florida.

QSL: Radio Milano 1602

Radio Milano was heard one evening in January last year on the crowded, but interesting frequency of 1602 kHz playing pop and rock music. Occasional station identifications were also heard.

Despite its name the station is not located in Milan, but in Como some 50 kilometres further north. The station is very DX friendly and confirmed my report with a nice PDF QSL. According to the QSL above, the power of the transmitter is 1 kilowatt.

I don’t believe Radio Milano is currently on the air on 1602 kHz. There have also been reports on the station testing on 927 kHz. These tests have never been confirmed by the station itself, as far as I know.

QSL: WNJC Washington Township NJ 1360

Chief Engineer Duke Hamann at WNJC has made an exceptional number of “DX Tests” this season. The DX tests have been aired more or less every Sunday this past autumn and seem to continue into the new year. The tests have become so numerous they even have their own Facebook page!

The DX tests have been widely heard by DX-ers, both in North America and in Northern Europe. We were lucky to be at Lista on a Sunday and receive their DX test on October 18. The test signals, consisting of morse code and sweep signals, were heard throughout the night, peaking around 06.00. Duke Hamann confirmed my signal report with an e-mail just before Cristmas.

Usually, WNJC transmits with a night time power of 800 watts. The DX tests run with different power, pattern and audio although I believe most of the tests using their day time power (5 kilowatts).

Usually, WNJC carries Spanish programming branded as “Super 1360 AM”. The station broadcasts to Philadelphia, but their transmitter site is located in Washington Township, New Jersey.

QSL: Pravoslavnoye Radio 828


Russia used to occupy a large number of frequencies, both on mediumwave and shortwave. Those days are long gone. Now only a handful of private radio  stations can be heard on mediumwave. 

The religious station Pravoslavnoye Radio, run by the Russian Orthodox Church, is one of the stations still using mediumwave for their broadcasts. Pravoslavnoye Radio can be heard in St. Petersburg on 828 kHz, a frequency it shares with another station – Radiogazeta Slovo. This mediumwave transmitter transmits with a power of 10 kilowatts from Olgino outside St. Petersburg.

Pravoslavnoye Radio and Radiogazeta Slovo can be heard quite well also in Norway. Victor Ignatyev, Technical Director, confirmed my reception of the station at Lista in January 2019 with a nice full data QSL letter. This letter was obtained via the St. Petersburg DX Club which acts as a QSL manager for this station. My thanks to the St. Petersburg DX Club for their kind help!

QSL: Citrus AM 918


I was really pleased about catching the signal of Citrus AM on 918 kHz at Lista in January 2020. This low powered station using just 25 watts was heard one afternoon before other stations faded in.

The station operates from the small town of Emst in Central Holland. According to operator Henk, the station is mostly only on the air Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays from 09.00 to 21.00. In addition to radio, Henk is also fond of growing citrus trees, which explains the name of the station. Citrus AM also has a memorable slogan: “No nonsense hobby radio”!

QSL: Europa 24 6150

I made a recording of the entire 49 metre shortwave band one morning last time at Lista. Compared to what the band sounded like previously, the 49 metre band has gone from overcrowded to almost empty. Only a few of the many international foreign radio services remain on shortwave, such as China Radio International and Voice of America.

As the number of shortwave stations broadcasting on shortwave has been dramatically reduced, many frequencies are now vacant. The stations keeping shortwave alive, at least here in Europe, are “hobby stations”. These have popped up in recent years, most of them using empty frequencies in the 49 metre band.

One of these stations is Europa 24 broadcasting from Datteln near Dortmund, Germany. Europa 24 is broadcasting on 6150 kHz, usually in German. According to the QSL received, they were broadcasting with a power of 200 watts when I heard them. The programme heard at that time was a joint programme with Shortwaveradio, another German hobby station. This programme was carried both on 6150 and 6160 kHz, with 6160 kHz providing best reception.

QSL: CBW Winnipeg MB 990

CBW – the AM station of CBC in Winnipeg – made it to our radios on our latest trip to Lista. At times CBW dominated the frequency one night, a rare occurance at Lista where we usually only hear European stations on 990 kHz. And if we hear anything Transatlantic it is usually CBY, the CBC station in Newfoundland.

Gabriela Klimes confirmed my recording of CBW with a brief e-mail. CBW broadcasts with a night power of 46 kilowatts which I guess makes them heard widely across the Canadian prairies.

QSL: CKJR Wetaskiwin AB 1440

After 39 years of DX-ing, I eventually passed verified station no. 1000!

CKJR became the station for this jubilee. CKJR is a station we have heard briefly before too, but never as good as one morning on our most recent DX-pedition. CKJR easily beat the East Coast sports stations WRED and WVEI as well as Radio 208 in Copenhagen. This on the northern “prairie” antenna, of course.

Chief Engineer Douglas Mattice confirmed my reception of CKJR with a nice QSL-letter, just as he did for my reception of sister station 840 CFCW two years ago.

Branded W1440, CKJR broadcasts an oldies format broadcasting from the city of Wetaskiwin, Alberta. The station broadcasts with a power of 10 kilowatts.

Unless I abandon my job and my family, I bet I will never experience verified station no. 2000… 🙂

QSL: KRKO Everett WA 1380

West Coast stations rarely make it to Lista. If they do, only the strongest stations come through.

One of the more regular stations is KRKO on 1380 kHz, which is often noted when the path to the West Coast is open. Broadcasting with a power of 50 kilowatts, it is not strange that the signal of KRKO occasionally makes it to Lista too. The station was heard both last January as well as this October, identifying as “Everett’s Greatest Hits”. Everett is located north of Seattle and is the seventh largest city in Washington State with a population of about 100.000.

Andrew Skotdal, who obviously must have some Norwegian blood in his veins (judging by his surname), confirmed my recording of the station with an e-mail.

QSL: WIBD West Bend WI 1470

WIBD was heard both now and back in January at Lista. No reply this past winter, but this time Rick Jensen, Group News Director at parent company Magnum Media confirmed my recording of the station.

WIBD is not a very common guest on 1470 kHz here. No wonder as the station broadcasts with a modest power of just 2,5 kilowatts. WIBD is located in West Bend, Wisconsin, and covers the northern parts of Milwaukee. The station broadcasts a classic hits format.

QSL: Caribbean Radio Lighthouse 1160

Lista is an excellent location for DX-ing stations in the Caribbean and we had good conditions towards this part of the world one night last January. One of the stations heard then was the Caribbean Lighthouse in Antigua on 1160 kHz. This frequency is usually plagued by splash from British stations on 1161 kHz. Last January was no exception, but the signal of the Caribbean Lighthouse was strong enough to stand out from the interference at times.

The Caribbean Lighthouse is a religious station funded by Baptist International Missions in Tennessee. The station has been on the air since 1975 and has a potential listener attendance of 2 million in the Eastern Caribbean according to its website. Currently, the station is managed by couple Renee and Nathan Owens. Nathan serves as both Station Manager and Station Engineer and also replied to my e-mail report. He tells the station is using a Nautel (AMPFET) ND10 (10KW) transmitter and a 212 foot (64.6m) series fed, omni-directional antenna. In addition to their AM transmitter, the Caribbean Lighthouse can also be heard locally in Antigua on 92.3 FM.

QSL: CFSL Weyburn SK 1190

A reply from CFSL became the first result from the October DX-pedition. CFSL is a station which we have tried to catch a number of times. It is a frequent catch in the north and I have also seen several loggings of the station in a.o. the UK.

This time we were successfull in our attempts. CFSL came in with a good signal at times one morning on our northern antenna directed towards the prairies. Several identifications as “AM 11-90”, local commercials and country music left little doubt about the identity of the station.

Cam Birnie, Station and General Sales Manager at the station, kindly confirmed my audio recording. CFSL is located in Weyburn in Southern Saskatchewan and transmits with a night time power of 5 kilowatts. The format is, of course, country music.

DX-pedition to Lista, October 17-21, 2020

Not even Covid-19 can stop eager DX-ers doing their yearly DX-peditions. Last month, me and my DX partners Torgeir Nyen and Harald Andersen left for our usual destination Lista on the southern coast of Norway.

As usual, we rolled out a 700 metre long beverage antenna at 285 degrees directed towards the US East Coast. We also set up a second antenna with about the same length directed at the prairies and the West Coast of North America.

This time we experienced some unexpected challenges. Lista is farm territory and there are almost always sheep or cattle grazing around our antennas. We have had a peaceful and usually troublefree coexistence with the animals. Not this time as the cows simply chewed off our antenna wire on the northern antenna. Not just at one point, the wire was cut on several places. We tried connecting the wires again, but to no avail: The next day the antenna wire was in even poorer shape. Eventually, we had to reduce the length of the northern antenna to a mere 300 metre, meaning of course that the directivity of the antenna was reduced.

Unfriendly locals

We also expericenced far more noise than on previous DX-peditions. Very annoying, especially during the day when the signal levels are lower. It wasn’t untill the last day when Harald found the culprit: A robotic lawn mover! Or to be precise, not the robot itself but rather the boundary wire surrounding the lawn. After talking to our hosts, we heard that this wire was indeed broken. After unplugging the charging station, the noise magically disappeared! Funnily, there are several videos out there showing you how to find where the wire is broken using an AM radio(!), such as this one. The concept is that a wire makes noise on the AM band, except on the point where the wire is broken.

Rain is a common occurence at Lista and this year was no exception. The antenna directed at the East Coast of North America was flooded on the first night and a new lake emerged on the fields the following morning (see below)

Inspecting the antenna wires going through East Coast Lake

Despite cows, noise and floodings, both antennas produced good signals. Unfortunately, conditions were not good enough for the really unusual stations to come through. We had good signals from the prairies at times on the northern antenna. Some of these stations are new to us, such as 700 CJLI Calgary AB, 910 CKDQ Drumheller AB, 940 CJGX Yorkton SK and 1190 CFSL Weyburn SK. Some West Coast stations also came through, a.o. 920 KXLY Spokane WA, 1470 KBSN Moses Lake WA and 1530 KFBK Sacramento CA. All these common catches in Northern Scandinavia, but not at Lista.

Other stations worth mentioning are 1020 KCKN Roswell NM – our very first logging of a station from New Mexico – and newcomer 1350 CIRF Brampton ON. My personal favourite logging though was not a Transatlantic station at all, but rather 1269 Taraba State Broadcasting Service from Nigeria which appeared one evening with quite good signal.

A Google Docs document with all loggings is available.

QSL: WRZN Hernando FL 720

Hearing WRZN on 720 kHz at Lista last January was a big surprise. BBC Radio 4 is what is usually heard on this frequency and hearing anything Transatlantic except from WGN in Chicago is very rare.

At 23.00 on the first evening of our DX-pedition we could hear a clear identification for “The Shepherd” on 720 kHz. This was probably around the time WRZN powered down from their day time power of 10 kilowatts to the rather more (for Transatlantic reception) challenging night power of  250 watts. WRZN is licenced to Hernando, Florida, targeting the Gainesville and Ocala market to the north.

“The Shepherd” can now also be heard on 1270 kHz through WIWA, a station which is heard quite often at Lista. As the name implies, “The Shepherd” is a Christian station. Operations Manager Mike Gilland confirmed my audio recording with a brief e-mail this past week.

QSL: WMCA New York NY 570

WMCA “The Mission” is a Christian talk station which is heard quite often on 570 kHz at Lista. The station was also heard last January, along with dominant station CFCB and WSYR, all common catches on this frequency.

Although licenced to New York, the transmitter site of WMCA is, just like many other AM stations in New York, located in neighbouring New Jersey.  In WMCA’s case, the transmitter is located in Kearny, New Jersey, and broadcasting with a power of 5 kilowatts.

Chief Engineer Andy Gladding confirmed my recording of WMCA with a friendly e-mail this past week.

QSL: WZON Bangor ME 620

My previous attempts in getting a reply from WZON have been unfruitful. A new report sent last week, however, resulted in a nice reply from their Operations Manager Carey Haskell confirming my audio recording made in January.

WZON is heard every now and then on 620 kHz at Lista. The station is not a very common catch as this channel is almost always occupied by CKCM in Newfoundland. Last January, the signal of WZON was heard well one afternoon local time though broadcasting the talk show “Downtown“.

WZON broadcasts with a power of 5 kilowatts from Bangor, Maine. The station primarily airs an oldies format. Also notable is that the station is owned by horror author Stephen King who together with his wife Tabitha owns parent company “The Zone Corporation”.

QSL: WSAN Allentown PA 1470

1470 kHz is one of the most interesting frequencies on the AM band. We have surely heard more than 10 different North American radio stations on this frequency over the years.

One of the stations which might pop up on 1470 kHz is WSAN in Allentown, Pennsylvania. WSAN is not a common catch, but was heard at Lista last January and has also been heard on a few other DX-peditions. Pat Gremling confirmed my audio recording of the station last week.

WSAN broadcasts with a power of 5 kilowatts and has a rather unique program format: WSAN broadcasts mostly podcasts distributed by the iHeart radio network, which explains their branding name “iHeart Podcast AM 1470”. WSAN has had an impressive number of format changes over the years. Their previous formats include sports, progressive rock(!), country music, pop music, Christian talk, oldies and talk radio. Let’s see how long their podcast format will last!

QSL: WVEI Worcester MA 1440

Sports is what we usually hear at night on 1440 kHz. It is either WRED in Maine or WVEI in Massachusetts, and/or a mix of the two stations. I haven’t had any luck with my reports to WVEI earlier, but last week Chief Engineer Lou Muise confirmed my reception report from January 2019.

WVEI transmits with a power of 5 kilowatts from Worcester, Massachusetts. Most of their programming originates from mother station WEEI in Boston, which is an ESPN affiliate.

QSL: WUNO NotiUno 630


The Puerto Rican news network NotiUno is a frequent visitor at Lista. It is heard every night on 1280 kHz from Arecibo (WCMN). During the last couple of years, their main station WUNO in the capital San Juan has also been noted at times on 630 kHz. 

Luis A. Soto, Presidente, sent me a detailed PDF letter confirming my reception of WUNO on 630 kHz last January. WUNO transmits with a power of 5 kilowatts from a transmitter located west of San Juan. According to Sr. Soto, they are transmitting from 2 towers with a height of 270 metres (82 metres) at this location.

QSL: Bergen Kringkaster 1314


Bergen Kringkaster, transmitting from Askøy outside Bergen, was heard for the first time at Lista in January on 1314 kHz. As many remember, 1314 kHz was the frequency used by Norways high power mediumwave transmitter at Kvitsøy untill it closed down back in 2006.

While Kvitsøy used to transmit with a power of no less than 1200 kilowatts, Bergen Kringkaster operates in another division when it comes to power. The station is using a Hercules transmitter with a power of 700 watts according to station manager and veteran DX-er Svenn Martinsen. Svenn also runs the station Radio Northern Star from the same transmitter site. Radio Northern Star is using the frequencies of 1611 kHz mediumwave (inactive at present) and 5895 kHz shortwave.

QSL: KGLO Mason City IA 1300


I can’t remember getting a QSL as late as 4 1/2 years after sending a reception report to a station. This was, however, how long it took before I got a reply from KGLO in Mason City, Iowa. Chief Engineer Dennis Mellem found my letter just when cleaning his mailbox this summer and luckily decided to reply instead of just throwing my letter away!

My reception report to KGLO dated back all the way to January 2011 when KGLO was heard with a clear signal one morning. KGLO is not a very common catch at Lista and not a station we hear every year, but can be heard every now and then. The station broadcasts with a power of 5 kilowatts day and night.

QSL: Amplivier Radio 1224


One more of the new legal Dutch mediumwave stations: Amplivier Radio replied with an e-mail confirming my reception of the station on 1224 kHz at Lista in January. Amplivier Radio was heard with a good signal and totally dominated the frequency at times. There were no chances of hearing any of the other Dutch stations also operating on 1224 kHz – the signal of Amplivier Radio was way too strong!

Amplivier Radio is broadcasting from Damwâld in Friesland in the northern part of The Netherlands. This is right south of Lista, across the North Sea, so no surprise their signal was so good 🙂

QSL: IRIB Ardabil Radio 1197


A real surprise arrived in my e-mail inbox yesterday when I received a short but friendly e-mail reply in English from Ardabil Radio. A real surprise as I never have had any luck when e-mailing Iranian local stations before. Also, my e-mail was sent already in October last year so it took them 8 months without any follow-ups to reply to my e-mail.

Iran is a fun DX country as it is possible to hear quite a number of regional stations on mediumwave. QSL-ing is not easy though.

Ardabil Radio is one of the stations which is often heard, both on 1197 and 1512 kHz. My reception was made at Lista in January 2019 on 1197 kHz. Ardabil Radio is listed with a power of 50 kilowatts on this frequency broadcasting from Moghan in Northern Iran, just south of the border with Azerbaijan. Most of the people in the Ardabil province speak Azerbaijani rather than Farsi.

QSL: WMEJ Bay St. Louis MS 1190


One of my best catches ever was receiving the signal of WMEJ on 1190 kHz at our latest DX-pedition at Lista. Daytimers are rare and daytimers all the way from Mississippi even more so!

When listening through our recordings, I discovered a station identification which didnt’t quite sound like the announcement of dominant station WLIB in New York which also has a gospel format. When listening more closely, the announcement heard was “Thank you for listening to Rejoice AM 1190 and 104.3 FM”, which was a clear station identifica<tion for WMEJ.

WMEJ is a 5 kilowatt daytimer broadcasting a gospel format. The station is located in Bay St. Louis and broadcasts to the Gulfport area. Also interesting to know that the station was severely damaged by Hurricane Katarina in 2005. Ira Hatchett, General Manager both and 2005 and now, kindly confirmed my reception of WMEJ with an e-mail.


QSL: United AM 1008

Another of the new Dutch stations broadcasting on mediumwave is United AM on 1008 kHz. United AM was the most common Dutch station on this frequency in January, but not the only one noted.

1008 kHz is of course an old Dutch frequency, previously used by a high power transmitter in Flevoland transmitting programmes from public radio NOS and later also Groot Nieuws Radio. After Groot Nieuws Radio vacated the frequency on January 1, 2019, 1008 kHz suddenly became open to many other stations.

United AM is a former pirate having broadcast on both short- and mediumwave according to Rob who answered my e-mail report. United AM transmits with a power of 100 watts from Neede in Eastern Holland.

QSL: Radio T-Pot 1287


The Netherlands has become an interesting DX target now that many low powered stations have been licenced to broadcast on mediumwave. There are now more than 50 stations operating, according to radio-tv-nederland.nl.  Many of these stations are former pirate stations using low to very low power. Many of them a real DX challenge, despite the short distance between Norway and The Netherlands.

One of the “new” stations heard last January was Radio T-Pot on 1287 kHz. Radio T-Pot is nowadays the dominant station on this frequency together with the Spanish SER Radio network. The station broadcasts from the small town of Gasselternijveen in the north part of Holland.

Radio T-Pot is operated by Theo Postma, who also holds a HAM licence with the call sign PE1OPQ. In his nice e-mail reply, Theo says the station broadcasts with a power of just 25 watts. Unlike many of the new Dutch legal mediumwave stations, Radio T-Pot does not have a pirate background.

QSL: WLUI Lewistown PA 670


WLUI made a brief, but very welcome, appearance on 670 kHz on our first evening at Lista in January. They came up all of a sudden with the (to us) magical words: “…everybody’s talking about Big Lewie 92.9 and 670…”.

This daytimer is very rarely heard in Europe and this was certainly our first brief encounter with the station. WLUI – or “Big Lewie” as they usually call themselves – is listed with a power of 5400 watts, daytime only. The station is located in Lewistown, Pennsylvania, and has an oldies format.

I received a kind reply from Operations Manager Jeff Stevens, unfortunately with a less than perfect verification text. Nevertheless, I am inclined to count his reply as a QSL.

QSL: WKGA Atlanta GA 920


As mentioned earlier on this blog, the first night at our DX-pedition in January brought a number of unusual stations to our radios. One of those stations was WKGA “The Answer” in Atlanta on 920 kHz.

This talk station was heard on the first evening at 22.06 UTC with a fair signal. At that time the station was obviously still transmitting with their daytime power of 14 kilowatts rather than with their nighttime power of 490 watts. Receiving WGKA was a big surprise as we have never had a trace of their signal on previous DX-peditions.

Adam Wattenbarger of Salem Atlanta confirmed my reception of WKGA with an e-mail. Adam also has a very interesting travel blog at https://theedgeofadventure.com/.

QSL: WOR New York NY 710

WORMy last (unsuccessfull) attempt in getting a reply from WOR – “The Voice of New York” dates all the way back to 2008. 12 years later on I received a short but friendly reply confirming my reception of WOR some months ago.

WOR is of course an easy catch on 710 kHz, but suffers from QRM from Cuba and in particular from CKVO in Newfoundland at times. Still, when you are transmitting with a power of 50,000 watts, you usually have the upper hand.

As for several other AM stations located in New York City, the transmitter is not located in New York City itself but in neighbouring New Jersey. The AM transmitter of WOR is located in Lyndhurst, New Jersey.

QSL: WCNL Newport NH 1010


We found several surprises when reviewing our recordings from the first night at Lista in January, particularly on frequencies below 1200 kHz.

One of the biggest surprises was finding the signal of WCNL on 1010 kHz, a frequency where I just hear WINS in New York or CFRB in Toronto in 99 out of 100 cases. On the first evening (January 8), however, we also heard a station playing country music on this frequency. This could be no other than WCNL, a 10 kilowatt daytimer located in Newport, New Hampshire. WCNL came up quite nicely a couple of times this evening identifying as “WCNL Country”.

WCNL is not a strict daytimer as such as they also operate with a night time power of 37 watts. 37 watts competing with the 50,000 watts of WINS or CFRB is just impossible, though 🙂

General Manager Steve Smith kindly confirmed my reception with a short e-mail.

QSL: WODT New Orleans LA 1280


Another rarity heard last winter was WODT in New Orleans on 1280 kHz. This station was heard exactly at the same time as WKIP on 1450 kHz (see below), i.e. on January 20, 2019 at 0900. Not at all a strong signal and not at all the clearest station identification we have heard, but WODT was definitely in there!

Chief Engineer Tom Courtenay, who is also a HAM (which is always helpful when listening to a noisy recording), confirmed my reception of the station with a nice e-mail.

WODT is a sports station affiliated to Fox Sports Radio and broadcasts with a power of 5 kilowatts on 1280 AM.

QSL: WKIP Poughkeepsie NY 1450


Our trip to Lista last winter brought some very rare stations. WKIP on 1450 kHz is definintely a rarity here, with WPGG in New Jersey usually being the only station coming through. Also, 1450 kHz is a diffucult channel because of the proximity of usually very strong BBC Radio 4 on 1449 kHz.

On January 20, 2019 at 0900, another station was heard identifying as “News Radio 1450 and 1370 WKIP” on the hour. Chris Marino, Senior Vice President of Programming at iHeart Media in the Hudson Valley confirmed my reception with an e-mail.

WKIP is licenced to Poughkeepsie in the Hudson Valley north of New York. They are broadcasting with a transmitter output of 1 kilowatt.

QSL: WDMC Melbourne FL 920


WDMC on the Florida Coast is a regular guest at our location and is heard more or less every time we go to our DX pedition site. This was also the case last month when WDMC was heard with a good signal at times identifying as “your Catholic radio station for Florida’s Space and Treasure Coasts”. The station carries Catholic programming exclusively.

WDMC broadcasts with a power of 8 kilowatts daytime and 4 kilowatts nighttime from Melbourne, Florida. Bob Groppe at the station confirmed my reception of the station with a friendly e-mail.

QSL: WSBT South Bend IN 960


Another surprising catch from Indiana in January 2019 was finding WSBT on 960 kHz. Just like 920 WBAA and 1350 WIOU, we had no expectations (or hopes) of catching these stations prior to our DX-pedition, but conditions towards Indiana were indeed very good on this trip. WSBT was heard with quite good signal one night with little or no interference from the usual dominant WEAV.

WSBT is, just like dominant station WEAV, a sports talk station. They are targeting audience both in Michigan and in Indiana, thus their slogan “Michiana’s Sports Leader”. WSBT is located in South Bend, Indiana, a city which these days is most known as the home city of US Presidential hopeful Pete Buttigieg.

John Hoffman, News Director at the station, confirmed my audio recording with a brief e-mail.



QSL: WEZE Boston MA 590


WEZE in Boston shares the frequency 590 kHz with VOCM in Newfoundland, which has may be the strongest signal of all Transatlantic stations at our location.  WEZE thus faces stiff competition on 590 kHz with their signal buried in VOCM QRM most of the time.

Despite the QRM WEZE usually appears in nearly all our loggings from Lista. I hadn’t tried for a reply untill I sent a reception report from our last DX-pedition last month. Matthew Rhea, Operations Manager at the station, confirmed my audio clip with an e-mail.

WEZE broadcasts a Christian programming format to Boston branding as “590 AM The Word”. The stations broadcasts with a power of 5 kilowatts day and night.

QSL: KWOD Kansas City KS 1660


It’s not often I manage to hear a new US state. Kansas is surprisingly hard to hear at our location and  has been on my wish list for a number of years. At Lista in January 2019 we finally succeeded in hearing Kansas when both KNSS on 1330 kHz and KWOD on 1660 kHz was noted. KWOD came up one night at this DX pedition with a promotion for a programme on “The Score 1660 AM”.

KWOD is now a sports talk station and carries a.o. network programming from Fox Sports Radio and CBS Sports Radio. The station has has a number of call and format changes over the years, including a period with classical music (a very rare format on AM radio). Former call signals: KBJC, KWSJ, KXTR, WDAF, KXTR and KUDL!

KWOD broadcasts with a night time power of 1 kilowatt from Kansas City. Ken Wolf at Entercom in Kansas City confirmed my reception with a brief e-mail.

QSL: WIOU Kokomo IN 1350


Indiana is a state we don’t get often at our location in Southern Norway. On our DX-pedition last year, however, we caught a number of stations from this state. One of them was WIOU on 1350 kHz, a station I hadn’t thought was possible to receive at our place.

WIOU was heard with a clear station identification one evening on this DX-pedition when they were likely still transmitting with their day time power of 5 kilowatts. WIOU is a sports station affiliated to ESPN, but with many local programming as well. The station is located in Kokomo in Central Indiana.

WIOU Program Director/Creative Services Director Rob Rupe kindly confirmed my audio clip with a nice e-mail and says they don’t get many reports from Norway (which is quite reasonable).

QSL: WAVA Arlington VA 780


The first night of our visit to Lista last month brought a number of interesting daytimers which we haven’t heard earlier. One of the new (to us) stations was WAVA in Arlington, Virginia on 780 kHz, which was heard with a pretty clear signal when closing down their AM transmitter at 2200 UTC.

WAVA carries religious talk programmes broadcasting with a daytime power of 12 kilowatts. The station serves the capital district around Washington DC. General Manager Tom Moyer kindly confirmed my reception of WAVA with an e-mail some weeks ago.

DX-pedition to Lista, January 8-12, 2020


The flat landscape at Lista with a glimpse of our antenna wire in the bottom right. Not a trace of snow whatsoever!

Expectations were quite high in advance before leaving for this years DX-pedition to Lista. We are at the bottom of the solar cycle now so mediumwave conditions should be good. In addition, a DX-pedition taking place in Denmark 1-2 weeks earlier, a site that should be quite similar to Lista, reported receiving an impressive number of West Coast and prairie stations. Not to mention an even more impressive number of stations from Alaska, many of them certainly a “first” in Denmark.

With this in mind we decided to go for a dedicated West Coast/Alaska antenna in addition to our usual antenna towards the U.S. East Coast, both around 700 metres long. On the second day we also laid out another antenna of around 400 metres, primarily meant for DX-ing British and Spanish stations.

As it turned out, conditions were not at all as good as they were a week or two earlier. Although our Alaska/West Coast antenna produced some new catches and even 2 Alaskan stations (680 KBRW and 970 KFBX), conditions towards this part were just not good enough. It was the tried and tested East Coast antenna which produced the most interesting results. The UK antenna also did well and even resulted in a few new stations from Brazil making it into our logs.

A summary of conditions: Jan. 8-9: Fair to good with several new daytimers making it into our logs such as 760 WVNA Leicester MA, 780 WAVA Arlington VA, 1010 WCNL Newport NH and 1040 WPBS Conyers GA, the latter a very big surprise. Also some West Coast stations. Jan. 9-10: Poor but good signal from 780 ZBVI British Virgin Islands and some Colombians in the morning, Jan. 10-11: Very poor with no interesting stations noted, Jan 11-12 Poor but some Brazilians came through in the evening. All in all: A bit disappointing, but the first night saved the DX-pedition from being a disaster. As usual, our loggings are available as a Google spreadsheet. Reviewing the recordings will, despite mixed conditions, no doubt keep us busy in the coming months.





QSL: SER Radio Bilbao 990


Radio Bilbao is an easy catch on 990 kHz at Lista. Although there is usually some competition from the UK stations on the frequency, Radio Bilbao can often be heard with a good signal. Lista is an excellent QTH for Spain, and in particular for stations located in Northern Spain.

I received a polite e-mail from Radio Bilbao confirming my reception of the station made in January 2019. Radio Bilbao transmits with a power of 25 kilowatts from a tower located at Monte Artxanda outside the city.

QSL:WNVY Cantonment FL 1070


Another reward when reviewing the many interesting recordings from Lista in January 2019 was finding WNVY on 1070 kHz. WNVY was a station I hadn’t even heard of prior to finding a recording of the station at 00.00 UTC one evening. The signal of WNVY disappeared just after we caught their station identification on the hour. I suppose this was just at the time when the station switched from their day power of 15 kilowatts to the rather more modest night time power of 28 watts.

WNVY is licenced to Cantonment, Florida, close to the border to Alabama. WNVY is broadcasting a Christian radio format to Pensacola and surrounding area. Corporate Engineer Tyger Elton kindly confirmed my reception report with an e-mail some weeks ago.

QSL: WOZN Madison WI 1670


Wisconsin bonanza! The last result of the good conditions towards Wisconsin in January 2019 came when John Bauer, Director of Engineering, confirmed my report of WOZN “The Zone” on 1670 kHz.

WOZN The Zone is one of the more regularly heard Wisconsin stations here. They are fairly common on 1670 kHz broadcasting with a night time power of 1 kilowatt. WOZN carries a sports talk programme and is located in the Wisconsin capital Madison.

QSL: WAPA Radio 680


WAPA is one of the most regular Puerto Ricans at our location. WAPA – or WAPA Radio as they always identifies as – is usually heard on 680 kHz whenever conditions turns a bit to the Caribbean. 

Getting a reply from WAPA has proven difficult, but this time Carmen G. Blanco sent me an e-mail confirming my reception of the station. WAPA broadcasts with a power of 9,5 kilowatts from outside the Puerto Rican capital San Juan. 680 kHz is the main station in the WAPA Radio chain. In addition to 680 kHz, WAPA Radio an also be heard through 1070 WMIA, 1260 WISO, 1300 WTIL, 1580 WVOZ and 1590 WXRF – all of these rather more difficult to receive than 680 WAPA.

QSL: WBAA West Lafayette IN 920


Examining the recordings from the DX-pedition in January 2019 provided many nice surprises. One of the nicest surprises, and a station we even hadn’t considered being possible hearing at Lista, was WBAA on 920 kHz. With an exception for 1190 WOWO, it is not easy to receive any stations from Indiana at Lista. The signal of WBAA, however, made it through one night. Weak signal but a clear station identification left no doubts about the identity of the station.

WBAA is owned and licenced to the renowned Purdue University and has been so all the way back to 1922. Not a common occurence to see a radio station owned and operated by a university in Europe – and certainly not on mediumwave!

WBAA (and Purdue) is located in West Lafayette. Indiana, and broadcasts with a night time power of 1 kilowatt. WBAA is a NPR affiliate and broadcasts news and cultural programming, including relaying BBC World Service at nights. Lee M. Shaw confirmed my reception report with a nice e-mail some weeks ago.



QSL: WOTE Clintonville WI 1380


More QSL as a result of last January’s superb conditions towards Wisconsin: WOTE in Clintonville, Wisconsin, was heard reasonably well at times on 1380 kHz. I received a short e-mail from General Manager Eric Schmidt confirming my reception of the station.

WOTE is a sports station broadcasting mainly network programming from Fox Sports, ESPN, NBC Sports Radio etc. The station broadcasts with a night time power of 1,8 kilowatts. WOTE’s parent company Results Broadcasting also owns 960 WTCH, by the way. WTCH was another “first” which made it into our log during the nice Wisconsin opening at Lista in January 2019.

QSL: WBSM New Bedford MA 1420


One of the most commonly heard stations on 1420 kHz at Lista is WBSM in New Bedford, Massachusetts. As can be seen in their logo above, the station is branded as “New Bedford’s News Talk Station”. The station has a mix of locally produced and syndicated programming.

I haven’t had any luck in getting a reply from WBSM earlier, but earlier this month I received a nice reply from Phil Paleologos at the station. This was for an audio clip made in January 2019. WBSM broadcasts with a night time power of 1 kilowatt.


QSL: WHBL Sheboygan WI 1330


Last year’s DX-pedition brought many stations from around the Great Lakes. Stations from Michigan, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin were heard particularly well. One of these stations was WHBL which came up nicely one night on 1330 kHz.

WHBL is located in Sheboygan on Lake Michigan and has a news talk format. The station broadcasts with a night time power of 1 kilowatt. Steve Schouten, Market Manager & Director of Sales, confirmed my audio clip earlier this month.


QSL: WGBW Denmark WI 1590


The first QSL from the new year and the new decennium came from WGBW in Wisconsin. Their extremely DX friendly owner Mark Heller confirmed my not so good recording of the station within minutes. He also promised to send a verification card to me by postal mail.

WGBW was heard at Lista in January 2019 when we had good conditions towards the Greak Lakes area and in particular Wisconsin and Michigan. The station broadcast with a modest power of 500 watts when I heard them. WGBW is an oldies station licenced to Denmark in North-Eastern Wisconsin, a village which as the name implies was founded by Danish immigrants around 1850.

QSL: ZYH588 Rádio Uirapurú 760


Rádio Uirapurú is one of the easiest Brazilian stations to hear in Europe. Broadcasting with a power of 25 kilowatts on 760 kHz, the station gets out very well. The coastal location of Fortaleza in Ceará in Northeast Brazil no doubt contributes to the good signal level of the station.

As can be seen on their Facebook page, Rádio Uirapurú belongs to the “Rede Aleluia” chain and airs only religious programming. They still keep their nice Radio Uirapurú name though, at least for the time being. Ronaldo Galdino, Diretor Administrativo at the station, confirmed my reception made at Lista last January.

QSL: Europe 1 183


The longwave transmitter of Europe 1 on 183 kHz had its very last day on the air on December 31, 2019. The transmitter had then been on the air since January 1, 1955, i.e for 65 years. The reasons given for the closure were changing listeners habits and  environmental concerns.

I was lucky to receive the above QSL card for a reception report made at Lista last January. Europe 1 was of course received with a superb quality there. Although broadcasting in French exclusively, the longwave transmitter was located across the  German border in Felsberg in Saar.

QSL: Energy AM 1395


Energy AM in Dublin was heard at Lista last year on 1395 kHz. This unlicenced station is on air only on weekends according to Paul Ormond who confirmed my reception with an e-mail on Christmas Eve.

1395 kHz is not an easy frequency now as the frequency nowadays is occupied by the new lowpower Dutch stations. Radio Seabreeze is now the no. 1 station and often has a very strong signal here on 1395 kHz.

QSL: KBRE Merced CA 1660


One of the biggest surprises when reviewing our records from Lista last January was finding a nice announcement from “The Bear 105.7” on 160 kHz. After the announcement, the station played Nirvana’s “Heart Shaped Box” – a song you don’t hear often on AM radio.

A quick Internet search revealed that this was KBRE in California, the least expected station of all stations listed on 1660 kHz! Hearing a station broadcasting with a night time power of just 1 kilowatt from California was beyond what we thought was possible as we hardly hear any stations from California at all from our location. But on AM almost everything is possible if conditions are right!

KBRE is located in Merced in Central California and brands itself as “Merced’s rock station”. The station plays a lot of nice music, as can be seen on their web site.  Jason LaChance, Operations Manager, confirmed my audio recording with an e-mail just before Christmas.